Notice the image of the wolf nursing the baby boy in the lower left corner--does this remind you of a famous European city's founding legend? It looks just like depictions of Romulus and Remus that I saw in Rome. It turns out that the Kazakhs--and other Turkic peoples--have a similar founding myth.
Kazakhs are members of the Turkic linguistic group. This group includes Mongols, Turks, Turkmen, Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Uyghers, Azerbaijanis, and other nations, all of whom share common ancestors from the plains of northern China and Mongolia. The Turkic peoples migrated to the Kazakh steppes in the 5th or 6th century A.D. Notice the representation of the yurt in the upper left corner of this panel and the mounted archers on the right. Both of these are elements of the nomadic Turkic culture that spread across the steppes over the next several centuries. From the 6th century until the area's consolidation under Genghis Khan in the 13th century, the Kazakh steppes and surrounding mountains were inhabited and ruled by a host of different Turkic khaganates or empires.
This was also the period of history in which the Silk Road connecting East and West began to flourish. The buildings in the upper right corner of this panel represent the wealthy and cosmopolitan cities that grew up along this route during this time.